DANGERS OF DOPING
Most medications on the Prohibited List can be bought at a pharmacy, so they must be safe to use, right? NO! Medications are for people with specific health issues - not for healthy athletes. They were not approved to be used by healthy people in higher doses and in combination with other substances.
All medications have side effects - but taking them when your body doesn't need them can cause serious damage to your body and destroy your athletic career.
There are also methods of administering substances or manipulating your physiology that are banned. These methods can also have negative effects on your body. For example:
increased risk of heart failure, stroke, kidney damage and high blood pressure
problems with your blood like infections, poisoning, overloading of your white cells and reduction of platelet count
problems with your circulatory system
As with any drug, using a syringe to dope puts you at a higher risk for contracting infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis.
RISK OF NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS
Extreme caution is recommended regarding supplement use. A number of positive tests have been attributed to the misuse of supplements, poor labeling or contamination of dietary supplements. The use of dietary supplements by athletes is a concern because in many countries the manufacturing and labeling of supplements may not follow strict rules, which may lead to a supplement containing an undeclared substance that is prohibited under anti-doping regulations. Taking a poorly labeled dietary supplement is not an adequate defense in a doping hearing.
THE DOPING CONTROL PROCEDURE
THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTION
Athletes with a documented medical condition requiring the use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method must first obtain a TUE (Therapeutic Use Exemptions).
Athletes included by the IBU in its Registered Testing Pool must obtain a TUE from IBU. Other Athletes participating in any IBU International Event should apply for a TUE at their National Antidoping Organization and request recognition of the TUE fromthe IBU.
In order to ensure this application can be processed efficiently, please include sufficient information to support the diagnosis including physician's notes, laboratory and/or test results and any imaging results.
The applications must be submitted via ADAMS.
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THE REGISTERED TESTING POOL
The Registered Testing Pool (IBU RTP) is comprised of a minimum of 30 male and 30 female athletes who are selected based on the prior year's World Cup and IBU Cup Final Scores. These athletes are required to comply with the whereabouts requirements of the International Standard for Testing and Investigations.
Additional athletes may be added to the IBU RTP under certain circumstances according to the IBU Anti-Doping Rules.
OBLIGATIONS AS AN ATHLETE
Like all other Olympic sport federations the IBU adhered in 2003 to the World Anti-Doping Code, set-up under the lead of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) which was established in 1999 in order to coordinate the universal fight against doping insport. WADA offers its stake-holders the Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS), a web-based data management system, which helps the IBU to coordinate its anti-doping measures and to comply with the World Anti-Doping Code.
The system can be used in seven languages: English, French, German, Russian, Japanese, Spanish, Arabic, Dutch, Finnish, Italian. The data within ADAMS is only available to those organizations with authorization in accordance with the World Anti-Doping Program and access rights will be explicitly granted. Only those information/areas relevant to the specific users will be viewable.
If an athlete belonging to the IBU RTP decides to permanently retire from IBU competitions, he/she needs to fill out the IBU Retirement Form. This form should be signed by the athlete and his/her NF and then forwarded via email to IBU. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
If an athlete who has retired from International Biathlon would like to compete again, he/she needs to announce this to IBU in writing (Return to Competition Form) 6 months prior to the first competition. (see IBU Anti-Doping Rules 5.7.)